Frank Kidson (1855-1926) was a collector from a young age, becoming a recognised authority on early English music, particularly folk song. He was particularly interested in the historical aspect of this genre and in tracing the pedigree of tunes.
Although not a professional musician, he was a pioneer scholar and collector of traditional music. He was he author of several important books and contributed articles to Grove’s “Dictionary of Music and Musicians".
About the collection
The Mitchell bought the Kidson collection at auction on Kidson’s death in 1929/30 with additions in 1948/49, but other parts of Kidson’s collection were acquired by other libraries including the National Library of Scotland, and Vaughan Williams Memorial Library.
The collection totals approximately 9000 items, mostly in book and manuscript form, including 16 and 17 century material.
A significant element of the collection is the 57 volume ‘Index to Airs’ which includes the titles of many thousands of British songs and airs over a 250 year period.
Particular items of interest include:
Straloch manuscript, 1627-1629, in a copy made by Kidson; the original is now lost.
George Thomson's 'Original Scottish Airs' which includes settings by Haydn and Beethoven.
Morley's 'Plaine and Easie Introduction to Practicall Musike', 1597 - the first satisfactory musical treatise published in English.
Playford's 'Dancing Master' - a major source book of British folk dance Purcell's 'Orpheus Britannicus' 1698-1702 - the first collection of Purcell's vocal music.
Handel's 'Rinalto', 1711, with title in Italian - only known complete copy of this particular edition.
JC Bach's 'Sonata for guitar with an accompaniment for a violin' - only known copy in the world.
W Thomson's 'Orpheus Caledonius', 1726 - first Scottish song book containing tunes and words of traditional songs.
Niel Gow's 'Collection of Strathspey Reels in 5 volumes' and 'Complete Repository of Strathspeys and dances in 4 volumes'.
Aird's 'Selection of Scotch and Irish and Foreign Airs', 1782-1797, including the first printing of the tune 'Yankee Doodle'.
There is a collection description, paper catalogue of the collection, and a paper index to the broadsides and to the songs and music. Some Kidson Collection items are in the catalogue and are listed in Further Reading.
From our catalogue:
Frank Kidson Family History Material (2015)
A checklist of manuscript songs and tunes collected from the oral tradition by Frank Kidson, compiled by Roy Palmer. Mitchell Library (1986).
The search for five-fingered Frank. Pete Coe and Alice Jones (2014).
Singing games: old, new and adapted/ed by Frank Kidson, with pianoforte accompaniments by Alfred Moffat (1916).
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Articles about Frank Kidson Access to Research 1 Access to Research 2
Obituary: Musical Times, v. 67 (1926) p. 1134.
Obituary: Journal of the Folk-Song Society, v.8 pt 1. (1927) pp. 48-9.
The late Mr. Kidson The Journal of the English Folk Dance Society, no. 1 (1927) pp. 48-51.
View a selection of images from this collection in our gallery.
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