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Bassandyne Bible

Bassandyne Bible Bassandyne Bible
‘The Bible and Holy Scriptures conteined in the Olde and Newe Testament. Translated according to the Ebrue & Greke, & conferred with the beste translations in diuers languages. With moste profitable annotations vpon all the hard places of the Holy Scripture, and other things of great importance, mete for the godly reader.' (or the Bassandyne Bible)
Printed in Edinburgh by Alexander Arbuthnot, 1579.
 
The first complete Bible printed in Scotland is a reprint of the second (1562) edition of the Geneva Bible. The work was begun by Thomas Bassandyne (d.1577) an Edinburgh burgess who had studid printing in Leiden and set up his own works in 1567. In 1576 he was granted a licence under the Privy Seal to print a Bible, but had only completed a New Testament by the time of his death in 1577.  The Old Testament was added by Alexander Arbuthnot (d.1585) who published the complete text in 1579. 
 
The first edition of the Geneva Bible was published in 1560 and prepared by English-speaking churchmen who were living in the city, including John Knox and Miles Coverdale. It is generally regarded as the finest English translation of the Reformation era. Designed as a study Bible, it was the first English translation to use verse numbers and roman instead of gothic type. The Geneva Bible was adopted by the Scottish Kirk in 1560 as its 'common book' to be used in every church.
 
The Bassendyne Bible was one of the first examples of subscription publishing in the British Isles. By order of the General Assembly every parish in Scotland had to subscribe to the purchase price ( £4 13s. 4d. Scots) before the work was undertaken. In 1579, an Act of the Scots Parliament ordered that every householder worth 300 merks of yearly rent, and every yeoman or burgess worth £500 stock, had to have a copy of the Bible or pay a fine of ten pounds. 
Bassandyne Bible