Heath and Wellbeing A-Z


Health and Wellbeing A-Z

This A-Z gives you a quick way to find information about specific illnesses and aspects of wellbeing.

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z


●  Alcohol

Information on drinking sensibly, knowing your limits and getting support for alcohol abuse. 

●   Allergies

Learn more about allergies and their symptoms and treatments.

●   Alzheimer's

Learn about Alzheimer's disease symptoms and treatments

●   Anorexia

Learn about anorexia nervosa symptoms and treatments

●   Anxiety

Learn about the symptoms and treatments of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD)

●   Arthritis

Learn about arthritis symptoms and treatments

●   Asperger's

Learn about the symptoms and treatments of Asperger's Syndrome - a form of autism, which is a lifelong disability that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people. Autism is often described as a ‘spectrum disorder’ because the condition affects people in many different ways and to varying degrees.

●   Autism

Learn about the symptoms and treatments of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) - a condition that affects social interaction, communication, interests and behaviour.


●   Back pain

Learn about the symptoms and treatments of back pain. Most back problems start for no obvious reason, which can be very frustrating. The spine is strong and back problems are rarely due to any serious disease or damage.

●   Bowel cancer

Learn about the symptoms and treatments of bowel cancer, one of the most common types of cancer in the UK

●   Breast cancer

Learn more about the symptoms and treatments of breast cancer, the most common type of cancer in the UK

●   Bulimia

Learn about the symptoms and treatments of Bulimia nervosa - an eating disorder and mental health condition in which people severely restrict the amount of food they eat before binge-eating and purging.


●   Cancer

Information on different cancer types and advice on living with cancer

●   Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term that describes a disease of the heart or blood vessels. Learn about the symptoms of this condition and how it's treated.

●   Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver due to long-term liver damage. Find out what the signs and symptoms are and how it can be treated and prevented.

●   COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a collection of lung diseases including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and chronic obstructive airways disease. Learn more about the symptoms and treatments of COPD.

●   Confidence

Learn about the symptoms and treatments of low self-esteem or lack of confidence, which can have a harmful effect on our mental health and our lives.

●   Crohn's

Crohn's disease is a long-term condition that causes inflammation of the lining of the digestive system. Learn about Crohn's disease symptoms and treatments.

●   Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition in which the lungs and digestive system can become clogged with thick, sticky mucus. Learn about its symptoms and treatments.


●   Dementia

Dementia is a common condition. Your risk of developing dementia increases as you get older, and the condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65. Find out more about the condition.

●   Depression

Depression is a common illness with a wide variety of symptoms. Learn about the symptoms and treatments of clinical depression.

●   Diabetes

Learn about the symptoms, treatments and managing different types and complications of diabetes

●   Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning ‘difference’, which means that the brain can approach things in a different way to other people. Dyslexia can affect the way people communicate, and is different for everyone. It is not just about reading and writing and it has nothing to do with intelligence. Learn about Dyslexia and supporting those affected by it.


●   Eczema

Eczema is a condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. It is a long-term (chronic) condition in most people, although it can improve over time, especially in children.

●   Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a condition that affects the brain and causes repeated seizures. Epilepsy is estimated to affect more than 500,000 people in the UK. This means that almost one in every 100 people has the condition.


●   Hay fever

Hay fever is a common allergic condition that affects up to one in five people at some point in their life.

●   Hepatitis

Hepatitis is the term used to describe inflammation of the liver. It's usually the result of a viral infection or liver damage caused by drinking alcohol.

●   HIV/Aids

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●   Insomnia

Insomnia is difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep for long enough to feel refreshed the next morning. It's a common problem thought to regularly affect around one in every three people in the UK, and is particularly common in elderly people.





●   Menopause

The menopause is when a woman stops having periods and is no longer able to get pregnant naturally. Periods usually start to become less frequent over a few months or years before they stop altogether. Sometimes they can stop suddenly. The menopause is a natural part of ageing that usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age, as a woman's oestrogen levels decline. In the UK, the average age for a woman to reach the menopause is 51. However, around 1 in 100 women experience the menopause before 40 years of age. This is known as premature menopause or premature ovarian insufficiency.

●   Mental health

Identifying, treating and managing mental health problems and disorders

●   Migraine

A migraine is usually a moderate or severe headache felt as a throbbing pain on one side of the head. Many people also have symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and increased sensitivity to light or sound.



●   Obesity

The term 'obese' describes a person who's very overweight, with a lot of body fat. It's a common problem in the UK that's estimated to affect around one in every four adults and around one in every five children aged 10 to 11.

●   Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a minor fall or sudden impact causes a bone fracture.


Postnatal depression is a type of depression that many parents experience after having a baby. It's a common problem, affecting more than 1 in every 10 women within a year of giving birth. It can also affect fathers and partners, although this is less common.

●   Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes red, flaky, crusty patches of skin covered with silvery scales. These patches normally appear on your elbows, knees, scalp and lower back, but can appear anywhere on your body. Most people are only affected with small patches. In some cases, the patches can be itchy or sore. Psoriasis affects around 2% of people in the UK. It can start at any age, but most often develops in adults under 35 years old. The condition affects men and women equally. The severity of psoriasis varies greatly from person to person.




●   Stress

Stress is the feeling of being under too much mental or emotional pressure. Pressure turns into stress when you feel unable to cope. People have different ways of reacting to stress, so a situation that feels stressful to one person may be motivating to someone else. Many of life’s demands can cause stress, particularly work, relationships and money problems. And, when you feel stressed, it can get in the way of sorting out these demands, or can even affect everything you do.

●   Stroke

A stroke is a serious, life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Strokes are a medical emergency and urgent treatment is essential. The sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is likely to happen.

●   Suicide

Suicide is the act of intentionally ending your life. Many people who have had suicidal thoughts say they were so overwhelmed by negative feelings they felt they had no other option. However, with support and treatment they were able to allow the negative feelings to pass.